About Adenocarcinoma Cancer
Adenocarcinoma is a form of cancer that occurs in the mucus-secreting glands lining the insides of your organs. Over time, cancer cells develop into tumors and then spread to other organs. Left untreated, the cancer can cause irreparable damage to the organs, causing them to eventually shut down. If left untreated, this problem can lead to lung cancer, colorectal cancer, tumors, problems with the lymph nodes, and a number of other serious health issues.
It can occur in several locations, including:
- Breasts – The vast majority of breast cancers are adenocarcinomas that begin in the breast milk production glands.
- Colon – The most common form of colon and/or rectal cancers are adenocarcinoma. Both typically develop as polyps in the large intestine.
- Esophagus – Develops in the mucus glands of the lower esophagus.
- Lungs – 2 in 5 lung cancers are adenocarcinoma in the outer lungs that are most commonly related to smoking.
- Pancreas – More than 8 in 10 pancreatic cancers are caused by adenocarcinoma tumors growing in the organ’s ducts.
- Prostate – 99% of all prostate cancers begin as adenocarcinoma in the cells that produce and protect sperm.
Because it occurs in various locations of the body, specific case and mortality rates are difficult to approximate. Needless to say, it’s the primary form of many types of cancers related to specific locations such as those mentioned above. Further, attempting to paint the typical victim of Adenocarcinoma would be a pointless affair. While some individuals may be more susceptible to this illness compared to others, anyone can get cancer. Even within each cancer type, survival rates will vary based on the individual and the severity of their cancer.
Causes and Risk Factors
Similar to the issue you run into when trying to get into specific numbers, risk factors are heavily dependent upon the location that the cancer develops in. That said, you can speak generally about certain universal factors that might contribute to its maturation. These include:
- Obesity – A person’s overall fitness, diet, and sleep patterns can all play a role in cancer prevention. A healthy body has an easier time warding off mutations, diseases, etc.
- Age – Adenocarcinomas typically grow in people older than 60.
- Sex – Certain adenocarcinoma cancers occur more commonly in men than women and vice versa.
- Genetics – Some people are genetically predisposed, especially if they have closely related predecessors who’ve already had it.
- Substance abuse – Alcohol and tobacco use and abuse can incite adenocarcinoma development.
Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging
Because symptoms vary based upon the specific location, no diagnostic test or symptoms can confirm its presence on their own merit. For most cases, people initially seek out medical attention because of a host of unpleasant symptoms, such as:
- Brain or head
- Alterations in moods or behavior
- Blurred vision
- Decreased mental capacity
- Odd sensations in the legs or arms
- Personality changes
- Lump or tumor in the breast
- Bloody stool
- Inexplicable weight loss
- Rectal bleeding
- Sensation that the bowels are full
- Stomach pain
- Bloody mucus
- Weight loss
- Blood in semen or urine
- Frequent need to urinate at night
- Frequent urination
- Issues with bladder control
- Painful ejaculation
- Painful urination
- Inadvertent weight loss
- Stomach pain
- white chalky stool
Diagnosis of these issues commonly begin with an exam and a comprehensive medical history analysis. After that, there are various tests that can be performed to check for adenocarcinoma. Common tests include:
- Imaging scans
- Blood tests
Stages of Adenocarcinoma Cancer
There are four stages of adenocarcinoma cancer. As noted, they depend upon the location and specific type of cancer. Generally speaking, however, stages I and II are typically slow growth and relatively localized. Stages III and IV involve faster cancer growth, larger tumors, and the quick spread of the cancer to both local and distant organs.
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Verywell Health. Diagnosing Lung Adenocarcinoma. https://www.verywellhealth.com/lung-adenocarcinoma-symptoms-treatment-and-prognosis-2249363
UPMC. Adenocarcinoma. https://www.upmc.com/services/neurosurgery/brain/conditions/brain-tumors/adenocarcinoma
Healthline. What is Adenocarcinoma? https://www.healthline.com/health/cancer/adenocarcinoma-symptoms