Neuroblastoma is a form of cancer that develops in immature nerve cells, usually found in the fetus or embryo. This is why it most often develops in infants and children under the age of 10. That is why it is known as the childhood cancer. While it can potentially develop in later childhood, neuroblastoma is rarely diagnosed in anyone over the age of 10.
Neuroblastoma usually occurs in and around the adrenal glands, but this cancer can develop just about anywhere in the abdomen. Neuroblastoma can develop in the neck, chest, and around the spine where many nerve tissue cells congregate.
Causes and Risk Factors
Cancers start as a genetic mutation that causes healthy cells to grow out of control. Cancerous cells grow and multiply, eventually forming a tumor. Further growth of the tumor can result in types of cancer spreading to other parts of the body, becoming metastatic. Neuroblastoma specifically starts in the immature nerve cells of a developing fetus. These immature nerve cells, known as neuroblasts, usually mature by birth and form into normal nerve cells and the cells that make up the adrenal glands. However, neuroblasts that do not mature may form into a tumor.
The exact cause of this genetic mutation is not known. Heredity may be a risk factor. Up to 2 percent of neuroblastoma cases involve an inherited tendency that may increase the risk of developing a neuroblastoma.
Birth defects may also increase the risk of developing neuroblastoma. The link between congenital anomalies and neuroblastoma may be related to genetic changes that occur during fetal development.
Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging
The symptoms of neuroblastoma vary based on the location of the cancer. Neuroblastoma in the abdomen may cause symptoms of abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, and a solid mass under the skin. In the chest, a neuroblastoma may cause chest pain, changes to the eyes, and wheezing or other breathing issues.
Other common signs and symptoms of neuroblastoma include:
- Tissue lumps under the skin
- Eyeball protrusion
- Back pain
- Bone pain
- Sudden weight loss/ loss of appetite
- Dark circles under the eyes
Diagnosis for neuroblastoma typically starts with a physical exam to evaluate any noticeable signs and symptoms. The doctor may also require urine and blood tests. Imaging tests, including CT scans and MRIs, may help the doctor locate a tumor. The doctor may also take a biopsy, which offers a more conclusive diagnosis. Bone marrow testing can also determine if the disease has spread to the bone marrow.
After the patient has been diagnosed, the doctor will proceed to staging. Neuroblastoma’s stages are designated by 0 to IV. The higher the stage, the more the neuroblastoma has spread to other parts of the body and the more metastatic.
Alternative Treatments for Neuroblastoma Cancer
Neuroblastoma is typically treated with surgery to remove and kill cancer cells, along with chemotherapy drugs, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. While these treatment options can be effective, they can come with bad side effects and symptoms and weaken the patient. Most importantly, these treatments can be scary and intimidating to children with neuroblastoma.
Alternative treatments offer natural methods of treating high-risk neuroblastoma, ensuring safe and effective immunotherapy to reduce side effects and keep patients strong. At Immunity Therapy Center, our team works with you to develop a personalized treatment plan based on your loved ones specific needs. Our team operates professional facilities that offer positivity and comfort to optimize healing. Contact us to learn more and receive a custom treatment plan.
Sources:Therapies we use
Customized Care For the Body And The Mind
Discuss Your Custom Alternative Treatment Plan With Our Team Today
Hear from Our Patients
Peter Richardson was having significantly increasing pain in his stomach earlier in February. Following doctors orders for treating constipation, Peter took laxatives and pain killers for 5 months, but nothing was helping. When he went back to the doctor a second time they did a CT scan and found a large mass in his abdomen […]
In 2015, Pamela was diagnosed with Stage 2 Breast Cancer that escalated into Stage Four Breast Cancer. Along with her cancer, she also was dealing with infection and swelling on her chest and arm. After hearing about the success of integrative medicine over a conventional method, she knew that she wanted to start her journey […]
John was diagnosed with Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Septemeber of 2018 after a lump on the side of his neck became prevalent. After visiting countless doctors and oncologists in the States, John, along with his wife decided that the best treatment for his aggressive cancer was through holistic and alternative medicine. Through extensive research, John […]
“The nurses… prayed with us during hard times.” Marie started experiencing pain in her stomach. When she visited her doctor in Belize, he prescribed medicine and said she should feel better in two weeks. Instead, she felt worse. She went to Mexico for more tests and was diagnosed with stomach cancer. Through research and asking friends […]
“ITC offers so many different therapies and none of them are painful at all. During my time at ITC my quality of life was not taken away from me [unlike with Chemotherapy] and my lymphoma shrank drastically” In 2016, Fouad Youssef discovered he had a lymphoma the size of his thumb knuckle under his arm. […]
Johnny Russell Jr
“I am amazed at Dr. Bautista’s knowledge, we know the term doctor really means teacher.” Johnny had never been to Tijuana, Mexico prior to his visit at the Immunity Therapy Center, he is now in love with the city and the culture. After 3 weeks of treatment, Johnny was able to leave cancer free of […]
Johnny Russell, Jr. | Follow Up
This is Johnny’s 3rd follow up. He has been cancer free since June 2017 after being at ITC for two and a half weeks starting in May of 2017 with Myeloma Cancer. He decided to stay the full 6 weeks to get the full treatment and benefits of the therapies. Since then he maintains a […]
9 years ago Clara Kornelsen came to ITC for treatment after being diagnosed with Breast Cancer. Although she was living in Canada at the time and healthcare was free, she felt it was the right thing to come to ITC for treatment. Today, Clara is “strong and healthy as ever” and thanks Dr. Bautista for […]
“The approach they take here is to help the body, to strengthen the immune system, and to stimulate it, so that the body itself fights the disease” In 2018, Joseph Turkington’s health started to deteriorate. A usually healthy person, he began to have pains in his stomach area, pains so bad that he eventually decided […]
In 2019, Alberto was diagnosed with Prostate Cancer along with Pelvic Bone Metastasis. After attempting to treat his cancer from the mountains of Mexico, a family member came across Immunity Therapy Center and Alberto and his family decided it would be the best route forward. He began his journey at Immunity Therapy Center in late […]