Colon polyps are abnormal growths of tissue inside the large intestine (or colon). Harvard Health Publishing 1 describes polyps in two ways: some appear as bumps along the walls of the intestines and some are protruding mushroom-shapes towards the foot of a stalk.
It’s estimated that colorectal polyps occur in roughly 30 percent of American adults 2 who are aged 50 years and older. Most of them are benign (or noncancerous) though some can develop into cancer.
If you’re wondering how do colon polyps form, and what do they mean in terms of colon cancer, read on. If you are in the process of finding a colon cancer natural treatment plan, our experts will be more than happy to help. We’ll take a closer look at colon polyps in this article and discuss how polyps form, what the different types are, how they’re diagnosed, and what symptoms to look out for.
So, How Do Colon Polyps Form?
Whether they’re in the colon or elsewhere — like the throat, nose, or cervix — polyps grow through rapidly dividing cells. When cells are healthy, they grow and divide in an orderly way. But when mutations cause unregulated growth of cells in the colon and rectum, polyps form. This is similar to how cancer cells grow, which is why if left untreated, polyps can eventually become cancerous.
Types of Polyps
More often than not, polyps are generally benign (or noncancerous). Hyperplastic polyps 3, also known as inflammatory polyps, are one of the most common types of colon polyps. They tend to be harmless and rarely become cancerous. However, the adenomatous polyps cause mutations in the DNA of the colon’s lining, which can progress into colon cancer later on. These polyps can form spontaneously after a person is born, or through certain rare inherited diseases. Some illnesses that can lead to polyps include Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Typically, doctors will recommend removing polyps. There are also malignant polyps, which are polyps that hold cancer cells.
Symptoms of Polyps
Often, people who have polyps aren’t even aware of them. As polyps become larger, they can cause bloody stool or diarrhea, along with symptoms like fatigue and anemia. Polyps can also secrete large amounts of potassium, which can lead to exhaustion and muscle weakness.
Here are some main things to be aware of, which can be signs of either polyps or other conditions like hemorrhoids or small tears in the anus.
Abdominal pain: When large polyps begin to block the bowel, it may lead to abdominal pain.
Stool color: When polyp-bleeding is minor, it can lead to red streaks in the stool, and when it’s heavier, it can make stool look black.
Iron-deficiency Anemia: If polyps bleed over time, an individual might develop anemia, or iron deficiency, which can cause fatigue, blanch skin, and fainting.
Bowel habits: If bowel habits like constipation or diarrhea exceed one week or more, it could be a symptom of polyps.
Diagnosis of Polyps
There are several different tests 4 doctors use to identify if a patient has polyps.
Digital rectal exam: During this type of exam, the doctor will insert a finger inside the rectum to look for abnormal growths.
Fecal occult blood test: This test examines stool samples for small traces of blood, which may be a symptom of polyp growth.
Sigmoidoscopy: During this test, a thin tube with a light and video camera goes through the colon via rectum, allowing doctors to search for polyps.
Colonoscopy: Similar to what’s used in the sigmoidoscopy, a colonoscopy uses an instrument to measure the size of the colon. This test examines all the areas where the cancer may grow and removes small polyps with the scope.
Now that we’ve answered how do polyps form, it’s important to reiterate how crucial it is to get them taken care of appropriately. If polyps are left untreated, they can eventually lead to colon cancer. Once diagnosed, there are several ways that colon cancer is treated — both conventionally and naturally.
Conventional treatment typically includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. A variety of alternative treatments can also support patients’ recovery without negative risk factors and side effects.
At Immunity Therapy Center, we’re proud to offer a range of alternative cancer treatments from a dedicated and passionate staff. Through treatments like hyperthermia, sonodynamic therapy, laser cancer treatment and more, patients with colon cancer are given a chance to rebuild their immune system and fight their disease from the inside out.
If you’re interested in learning more about the early signs of colon cancer, feel free to reach out to us today. Dr. Bautista and his team are here to create a positive experience in an uplifting environment. We understand that each type of colon cancer, or another cancer, is unique. So, too, is each patient. We’re proud to offer individualized and attentive care to everyone who walks through the doors of our holistic cancer treatment center.
From all of us at Immunity Therapy Center, thank you for reading. We hope you have a wonderful day ahead and we look forward to hearing from you.
At Immunity Therapy Center, our goal is to provide objective, updated, and research-based information on all health-related topics. This article is based on scientific research and/or other scientific articles. All information has been fact-checked and reviewed by Dr. Carlos Bautista, a Board Certified Medical Doctor at Immunity Therapy Center. All information published on the site must undergo an extensive review process to ensure accuracy. This article contains trusted sources with all references hyperlinked for the reader's visibility.